Here are the corrections and explanations for last week's postings.
“Pronunciation" is the stress or accent put on a syllable.
“Film" is a one-syllable word, so “filum" is incorrect. Say “fillm”.
“A" is not pronounced as in “hay”. It should be said as in “flat”.
“Coupon" is not pronounced as in “queue”. It should be said as in “chicken coop”, “coup d’etat” or “scoop”.
DO THESE NEED FIXING?
"...these kind of things..."
“These” and “things” are plural. Therefore, “kind” must also be plural.
"...these kinds of things..."
"Nearly 30% of Canada's bee colonies were killed off last year."
The subject of the verb, “were killed” is 30%, which is a collective singular noun. Therefore the verb must be singular.
"Nearly 30% of Canada's bee colonies was killed off last year."
A "colon" is a unit of punctuation that connects what precedes it with what follows; it usually indicates a list is to follow. A semi-colon cannot be used in place of a colon.
“The sports I played as a youth were: football, baseball, table tennis and hockey.”
A colon” is also used after a salutation in a formal or a business letter. A comma is incorrect in these examples.
“Dear Mrs Robinson:”
A "semicolon" is a unit of punctuation used in place of a period when clauses are related. It also must be used with compound sentences where clauses have commas within.
“Betty Lou went to Nashville; Billy Joe, who adored her, followed a day later.”
ARE THERE ERRORS BELOW?
"One of the largest fears that all humans have is to be rejected. If you love someone, then you will want to spare them this pain."
There are two errors: the sentence starts in the third person with “one“ and “you” is the second person; it should be changed.
The second error is that the author is speaking of a single person and then switches to the plural with the word “them”; he must maintain the singular throughout.
"One of the largest fears that all humans have is to be rejected. If a person loves someone, then he will want to spare that person this pain."
IS THIS ACCEPTABLE?
"This, despite the fact that the university is a public body funded with public money."
This is an incomplete thought; it needs a verb.
"This occurred, despite the fact that the university is a public body funded with public money."
“Foreboding" (n.) implies an ominous or an evil feeling or aura. In writing, it is considered to be a hint of something evil to come.
“Foreshadowing" (n.) usually is a hint of what is to come but it does not have to be evil or negative in nature.
THIS WEEK’S WORDS
“Acuity" (n.) means keen, sharp or insightful.
“Intractable” (adj.) means stubborn, inflexible or obstinate.
“Ethereal" (adj.) means unearthly, delicate, waiflike or ghostly.
“Expiatory" (adj.) means being able to make atonement, reparation or payback. It comes from “expiate”.
“Deleterious" (adj.) means harmful, ruinous or damaging.
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